Happiness Academy Online

A Blog about Psychology (Jungian), Spirituality and Happiness, By Roberto Lima Netto.

Carl Jung and Analytical Psychology

   Carl Jung and Analytical Psychology   Carl Jung (1875-1961) was a Swiss medical doctor graduated from the University of Basel, Switzerland. Originally a disciple of Freud, he diverged from the master and founded his own school – Analytical Psychology, also known as Jungian Psychology. Jung developed important concepts in psychology. His main ideas are […]

Structure of the Psyche

Structure of the Psyche   Human beings, especially we Westerns, have the illusion that our psyche is our Ego. The Ego is only a small part of our mind, comprising its conscious portion. We keep, inside our psyche, a larger part, the collective unconscious. One could say that the collective unconscious is merely a mirage […]


Persona   The persona is the individual’s system of adaptation to or the manner one assumes in dealing with the world. Every calling or profession, for example, has its characteristic persona. Carl Jung   In the ancient Greek plays, the actors used a mask to represent their characters. In the present world, we do not […]

Shadow and Jung

Shadow   The Shadow personifies everything that the subject refuses to acknowledge about himself and yet is always thrusting itself upon him directly or indirectly – for instance, inferior traits of character and other incompatible tendencies. Carl Jung   The Shadow is a central concept in Jungian psychology. The human being is born complete, not […]

Anima and Animus

Anima and Animus   Every man carries within him the eternal image of woman, not the image of this or that particular woman, but a definite feminine image. The image is fundamentally unconscious, an hereditary factor of primordial origin engraved in the living organic system of the man, an imprint or archetype of all the […]

Self and jung

Self   The Self is not only the center but also the whole circumference, which embraces both conscious and unconscious; it is the center of this totality, just as the Ego is the center of consciousness. Carl Jung   Whereas Ego is the center of the conscious psyche, the Self is the center of both […]


Archetypes   The concept of Archetypes … is derived from the repeated observation that the myths and fairytales of world literature contain definite motifs which crop everywhere. We meet these same motifs in the fantasies, dreams, deliria and delusions of individuals living today. Carl Jung   Archetype is a difficult concept to grasp, but one […]

Hero and Heroine

Hero and Heroine   In this overpoweringly humdrum existence, alas, there is little out of the ordinary that is healthy, and not much room for conspicuous heroism. Not that heroic demands are never put to us: on the contrary—and this is just what is so irritating and irksome—the banal everyday makes banal demands upon our […]

Extroverted and Introverted

Extroverted and Introverted Personalities   Besides the many differences in human psychology, there are also typical differences. Two types especially became clear to me. I have termed them introverted and extroverted personalities. Carl Jung   Human beings act and react differently. Jung classified them in two attitude types: extroverted and the introverted. Extroversion: The attitude […]

Function Types

Function types   The superior function is always an expression of the conscious personality, of its aims, will and general performance, whereas the less differentiated functions fall into the category of things that simply “happen” to one. Carl Jung   In addition to the two attitude types – introversion and extraversion – Jung also classified […]

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