Happiness Academy Online

A Blog about Psychology (Jungian), Spirituality and Happiness, By Roberto Lima Netto.

Enigmatic Sayings of Jesus – Man against Father

(Clique para português)

Why the enigmatic sayings of Jesus?

How to explain Jesus predilection for enigmatic sayings? Where did He learn to talk metaphorically? The canonical Gospels brings scant mentions about the life of Jesus during His youth and early adulthood. Luke registers a debate with priests in the Temple when Jesus was twelve and jumps to his baptism when he was thirty.Understanding Jesus’ sayings and parables is not easy. He has some very enigmatic ones. In the interest of popularizing Christianity, most of these sayings were excluded from the New Testament canon, although a few remained in the canonical gospels, like Matthew 10:34-36 where Jesus commands a son to go against his father, a saying already discussed on this blog, or the one in Luke 6:5, where He says that man is the lord of the Sabbath, also commented on this blog. But reading the Gospel of Thomas, we are flooded with enigmatic sayings.

Where did Jesus spent his life during the unrecorded period? Some suggest that he went to Asia, where he received Buddhist training. There is a very early Christian community in Malabar on the west coast of India, but it was founded by the apostle Thomas, not Jesus.

Some suggest that Jesus lived these non-recorded years in Egypt. The Jewish community in Alexandria was large and influential at the time of Jesus. There was one called the Therapeutae, dedicated to the cure of body and soul. Among the Therapeutae, women were considered equals, what calls our attention to the criticism Jesus received from some apostles for his friendly attitude toward the women of his entourage. Let’s do not forget the strong patriarchal attitude prevailing in Israel at the time of Jesus.

The Therapeut sect was composed of well-educated and wealthy Alexandrians who chose to give up their riches and dedicate their life to meditation and prayer. They were mystics and visionaries and interpreted the Old Testament symbolically and not as factual truth. This explains the preference Jesus gave to enigmatic sayings that call for a symbolic interpretation in search for their hidden meaning.

Of all the Christian gospels, the most enigmatic one is the Gospel of Thomas, a pearl that was unearthed in Nag Hammadi, Egypt, in 1945.. Probably because of being so enigmatic, so difficult to understand, it was not included among the gospels chosen to compose the New Testament. At a time when Christianity was struggling to win the minds of the population, a great majority unlettered, there was no space for such a beautiful but enigmatic gospel.

We are preparing a book about the Jungian interpretation of the Gospel of Thomas, and advancing some posts in this blog. We already offered in this blog an interpretation for Saying 1, Saying 2, Saying 3, and Saying 4.

One caution. Symbolic sayings may have more than one correct interpretation, since that is the nature of symbols. Therefore, I don’t claim that mine is the only correct interpretation.

I am Roberto Lima Netto, and I believe that our objective in life is to be happy and that Spirituality and Jungian psychology, my main areas of interest, can help us in this search for happiness. I am a writer. Some of my books are “The Little Prince for Grown-ups“, “The Jungian Bible“, “The Amazon Shaman” and “In Search of Happiness“. I invite you to visit my blog and leave your comments at:  www.HappinessAcademyOnline.org.

 

Versão portuguesa

Provérbios enigmáticos de Jesus

Compreender os provérbios e parábolas de Jesus não é fácil; alguns são enigmáticos. No interesse de popularizar o cristianismo, muitos podem ter sido excluídos do cânon do Novo Testamento, embora alguns permaneceram nos evangelhos canônicos, como Mateus 10:34-36, onde Jesus manda um filho para ir contra seu pai, um ditado já discutido sobre este blog, ou um em Lucas 06:05, onde Ele diz que o homem é o senhor do sábado, também comentado neste blog. Mas no Evangelho de Tomé, somos inundados com provérbios enigmáticos.

Como explicar a predileção de Jesus para mensagens enigmáticas? Onde ele aprendeu a falar metaforicamente? Os evangelhos canônicos trazer pouca luz sobre a vida de Jesus durante a sua juventude e início da idade adulta. Lucas registra um debate com os sacerdotes do Templo, quando Jesus tinha doze anos e salta para o seu batismo quando tinha 30.

Onde Jesus passou sua vida durante o período sem registro? Alguns sugerem que ele pode ter ido para a Ásia, onde teria recebido treinamento budista. Existe uma comunidade cristã muito antiga em Malabar, na costa oeste da Índia, mas ela teria sido fundada pelo apóstolo Tomé, não Jesus.

Alguns sugerem que Jesus viveu esses anos não registrados no Egito. A comunidade judaica de Alexandria era grande e influente na época de Jesus. Houve um grupo chamado de Terapeutas, dedicado à cura do corpo e da alma. Entre os Terapeutas, as mulheres eram considerados iguais, o que chama a nossa atenção para as críticas que Jesus recebeu de alguns apóstolos por sua atitude amigável para com as mulheres de sua comitiva. Não vamos esquecer a cultura patriarcal vigente em Israel no tempo de Jesus.

na época de Jesus, existia no Egitu a seita dos terapeutas, composta de judeus que viviam em Alexandria, eram bem-educados e ricos, mas que optaram por abandonar suas riquezas e dedicar sua vida à meditação e à oração. Eles eram místicos e visionários e interpretavam o Velho Testamento simbolicamente e não como verdade factual. Isso explica a preferência que Jesus por provérbios enigmáticos que exigem uma interpretação simbólica em busca de seu significado oculto.

De todos os evangelhos cristãos, o mais enigmático é o Evangelho de Tomé, uma pérola que foi descoberto em Nag Hammadi, no Egito, em 1945 .. Provavelmente por ser tão enigmático, tão difícil de entender, não foi incluído entre os evangelhos escolhidos para compor o Novo Testamento. No tempo em que o cristianismo estava lutando para ganhar as mentes da população, a grande maioria analfabeta, não havia espaço para tal evangelho, bonito, mas enigmático.

Estamos preparando um livro sobre a interpretação junguiana do Evangelho de Tomé, e avançando alguns posts neste blog. Já oferecemos uma interpretação para os seguintes: Provérbio 1, Provérbio 2, Provérbio 3, e Provérbio 4.

Chamo a atenção que dizeres simbólicos pode ter mais de uma interpretação correta, uma vez que esta é a natureza dos símbolos. Portanto, eu não afirmo que a minha é a única interpretação correta.

I was involved in the business world, as an executive of large companies and university professor since recently. I was the president CSN, the largest steel-mill of Latin America and was responsible for its turn-around. My first encounter with the teachings of the Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, one of the greatest geniuses of the 20th Century, was during my midlife crisis. Reading "Man and his Symbols" at that time, inspired me to go into Jungian analysis and to begin devouring the writings of Jung and his disciples. Since then, I've been studying psychology, especially Jungian psychology and, after reaching my seventies, I decided to become a full time writer, specializing on books on Jungian psychology and psychological thrillers. Every masterpiece of literature can be absorbed through multiple interpretations, and yield powerful insights for our daily lives. My first Jungian book, “The Little Prince for Grown-ups“, in its fourth edition in Brazil, was based on the famous book of Saint-Exupéry. The second, - “The Jungian Bible” - interprets some stories of the Old Testament and world myths. As I get older and, with a bit of luck, wiser, I want to pass on to the younger generations the lessons life has taught me. Jesus Christ taught that it was easier to sell ideas with stories. Following the Master, I published in English "The Amazon Shaman" and "In Search of Happiness", two psychological thrillers around the theme of happiness.

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  1. ,,Was aus dem Fleisch geboren ist, das ist Fleisch, und was aus dem Geist geboren ist, das ist Geist. Wundre dich nicht, dass ich dir sage: ihr müßt von oben her geboren werden.“

    ,,Womit sollen wir das Gottesreich vergleichen oder in welchem Gleichnis es darstellen? Es ist wie ein Senfkorn. Wenn es ausgesät wird auf die Erde, ist es das kleinste unter allen Samenkörnern auf Erden; wenn es aber ausgesät ist, geht es auf und wird größer als alle Kräuter und treibt große Zweige, so dass die Vögel des Himmels in seinem Schatten wohnen können.“

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