Happiness Academy Online

A Blog about Psychology (Jungian), Spirituality and Happiness, By Roberto Lima Netto.

Freud and Jung main differences

  Freud and Jung basic differences

Freud and Jung

Freud and Jung differences

Unconscious

Freud defined the unconscious as a collection of repressed personal material. Jung went further. He divided the psyche in three parts: the conscious (the ego), the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious. This last part was a reason for their breaking. Although Freud could not deny the existence of the instincts, he did not accept the depth proposed by Jung to the collective unconscious.

Jung explained that, similar to the evolution of the human body that keep traces of ancestral bodies (the coccyx, for instance), the human psyche carries all the previous history of human development. Freud could not accept such broad statement, and they parted ways when Jung published his book “Symbols of Transformation”, in 1912, when he was 37 years old. From there on, Jung, who Freud had chosen to be his crown prince, went into a solo career, and their theories continue to diverge.

Libido

Freud considered the sexual libido to be the only mover of a person. Jung contested him, postulating that the sexual libido was a powerful force in the human psyche, but not the only one. When you are young, the sexual libido may govern your life, but, as you grow older, other factor acquire importance.

Jung considered the human psyche as, by nature, religious. In fact, he made this a focus of exploration. Jung was the son of a pastor and studied, in addition to Christianity, the Eastern religions, Alchemy, Gnosticism, Mythology, I Ching, Astrology, and almost everything that could be classified as occult sciences.

Jung explorations and discoveries raised the level of psychoanalysis well above the original developments of Freud. This does not disavow the importance of Freud. Before Newton, there could be no Eistein. I do not know if Jung could have reached the heights he did, if not by the early influence of Freud.

Dream interpretaion

The fact is that the two theories are years apart. In dream interpretation, for instance, Freud considered any sharp-pointed object in dreams as a symbol of the penis, while Jung considered that even the penis could symbolize something else, depending on the dream’s content. Creativity, for instance. That is how far apart the two genius where. Jung even gave a new name to his psychological school, to substitute Freuds psychoanalysis. He called it analytical psychology.

Another major difference between these two genius has to do with the way they saw life. Freud had a critical view on religion and was probably an atheist. Jung insisted that human beings should pay attention to their spiritual life. This issue is of such importance that we will treat it in a separate post.

What do you think? I would like to invite you to post your views.

You can go to Freud and Jung View on Religion, and Was Jung a Mystic?  for complementary information.

Roberto Lima Netto, author of “The Litle Prince for Grownups” and “The Jungian Bible” – www.amazon.com/author/rlimanetto

Woberto Lima Netto believes that our objective in life is to be happy, and that Jungian psychology and spirituality, his main areas of interest, can lead us in the search for happiness. His blog is www.HappinessAcademyOnline.org.

Freud e Jung – as principais diferenças no pensamento desses dois genios.

Você conhece as diferenças básicas entre as escolas psicológicas de Freud e Jung? Neste post, vamos tocar algumas das principais questões que causaram o rompimento da associação desses dois gênios.

O inconsciente

Freud definiu o inconsciente como uma coleção de material pessoal reprimido. Jung foi além. Ele dividiu a psique em três partes: o consciente (ego), o inconscientes pessoal e o inconsciente coletivo. Esta última parte foi a principal razão para a separação dos dois. Embora Freud não negasse a existência dos instintos, ele não aceitava a profundidade proposta por Jung para o inconsciente, e sua conceituação do inconsciente coletivo.

Jung postulava que, à semelhança da evolução do corpo humano que mantém vestígios dos organismos de nossos ancestrais (o cóccix, por exemplo), a psique humana guarda toda a história anterior do desenvolvimento humano. Freud não pode aceitar tal afirmação ampla, e eles se separaram quando Jung publicou seu livro “Símbolos da Transformação”, em 1912, quando ele tinha 37 anos de idade. A partir desta época, Jung, que havia sido escolhido por Freud para ser seu príncipe herdeiro, entrou em carreira solo, e suas teorias continuaram a divergir.

Libido

Freud considerada a libido sexual como o motor das atitudes humanas. Jung contestava, postulando que a libido sexual era uma força poderosa na psique humana, mas não a única. Quando somos jovens, a libido sexual pode governar a vida, mas, à medida que envelhecemos, outro fator pode adquirir importância.

A questão religiosa

Jung considerava a psique humana, como, por natureza, religiosa. Na verdade, ele fez esse o foco de sus exploração. Jung era filho de um pastor e estudou, além de cristianismo, as religiões orientais, alquimia, gnosticismo, mitologia, I Ching, astrologia, e quase tudo o que poderia ser classificado como ciências ocultas.

As explorações e descobertas de Jung elevaram o nível da psicanálise bem acima dos desenvolvimentos originais de Freud. Ele não repudia a importância de Freud. Einstein s apoiou nos ombros de Newton; Jung, nos de Freud. Não sei se Jung poderia ter alcançado as alturas que ele atingiu sem influência de Freud.

Outra grande diferença entre estes dois gênio tem a ver com a maneira como eles viam a vida. Freud tinha uma visão crítica sobre a religião e foi provavelmente um ateu. Jung insistiu que os seres humanos devem prestar atenção à sua vida espiritual. Esta questão é de tal importância que vamos tratá-lo em um post separado.

Interpretação de sonhos

Com relação aos sonhos, as duas teorias são bem diferentes. Freud considerava qualquer objeto pontiagudo nos sonhos como um símbolo do pênis, enquanto Jung considerava que mesmo o pênis poderia simbolizar algo diferente, dependendo do conteúdo do sonho. Criatividade, por exemplo. Essa é a distância grande entre os dois gênios. Jung ainda deu um novo nome à sua escola psicológica, para substituir a psicanálise freudiana. Ele a chamou de psicologia analítica.

 

Se você estiver interessado em maiores informações, sugiro dois posts neste mesmo site. Freud e Jung em religião, e Era Jung um Místico?

I was involved in the business world, as an executive of large companies and university professor since recently. I was the president CSN, the largest steel-mill of Latin America and was responsible for its turn-around. My first encounter with the teachings of the Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, one of the greatest geniuses of the 20th Century, was during my midlife crisis. Reading "Man and his Symbols" at that time, inspired me to go into Jungian analysis and to begin devouring the writings of Jung and his disciples. Since then, I've been studying psychology, especially Jungian psychology and, after reaching my seventies, I decided to become a full time writer, specializing on books on Jungian psychology and psychological thrillers. Every masterpiece of literature can be absorbed through multiple interpretations, and yield powerful insights for our daily lives. My first Jungian book, “The Little Prince for Grown-ups“, in its fourth edition in Brazil, was based on the famous book of Saint-Exupéry. The second, - “The Jungian Bible” - interprets some stories of the Old Testament and world myths. As I get older and, with a bit of luck, wiser, I want to pass on to the younger generations the lessons life has taught me. Jesus Christ taught that it was easier to sell ideas with stories. Following the Master, I published in English "The Amazon Shaman" and "In Search of Happiness", two psychological thrillers around the theme of happiness.

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