Happiness Academy Online

A Blog about Psychology (Jungian), Spirituality and Happiness, By Roberto Lima Netto.

Jung on Psyche – Basic Concepts of Jungian Psychology

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Jung on Psyche

The human psyche, according to Jungian psychology, is composed of three parts: the conscious – the Ego – and the unconscious that is divided into the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious, the latter also known as the objective psyche.

The conscious part, the ego, is what many people consider to be the psyche, or if you prefer, the total personality. As we will see, this is far from the truth.

The psyche has an unconscious layer, not under the control of the ego. In the personal unconscious, all the information that the individual received, but that he did not keep in his consciousness, is stored. The personal unconscious stores all the rejected parts that we lived since our birth. Some say that the personal unconscious guards information received since our conception in the womb. In summary, things that happened to us, but we did not register in the conscious mind, are not lost. They are stored in our personal unconscious.

Jung also calls attention to the existence of a portion of the human psyche, what he called the collective unconscious, also named the objective psyche. In the collective unconscious are stored the information inherited from all the human beings since the first humans appeared on earth. The instincts and the archetypes are parts of the collective unconscious.

This collective unconscious was the main motive of the parting of ways with Freud, who never accepted its existence. In the beginning of his professional life, Jung worked in the Burghölzli Hospital, were he treated psychotics. One of them called Jung`s attention to a tube that he saw coming out of the sun, what he called the sun’s penis. Many years later Jung found that this was a motive appearing in the ancient Mithraic religion, but the patient, an uneducated man, could not know of it. Jung also noticed that many myths and popular tales around the world have similar motives. These motifs appeared frequently in dreams of normal people. From these evidences, he concluded the existence of a collective part of the psyche, the collective unconscious. The same way that our body carry traces of the past – the coccyx in the place of a tail, for instance – the mind also carries the collective unconscious.

Jung stressed that human beings should try to gain higher levels of consciousness. In other words, try to absorb, to bring to consciousness, to the Ego, parts of themselves that are hidden in the personal unconscious. He said more; that each increase on the level of consciousness of any human being adds to the consciousness of humanity in general.

Why is consciousness so important? Think about this question. A poor fisherman had a wife and five children. The catching of that week was meager, and they were starving. Buried under his shack there was a treasure, placed there by his great-grandfather, but the fisherman was not conscious of if. Was he rich or poor?

Without being conscious of the treasure, he was poor. Being unconscious of what you have inside your psyche, you are poor.

More on Jung concepts:  Jung on ArchetypesJung on Individuation,Jung on DreamsJung on Active ImaginationJung on NeurosisJung on Psychological InflationJung on Projection, Jung on Psychological Types

I am Roberto Lima Netto, a Jungian. I write Jungian books – The Jungian BibleThe Little Prince for Grownups– and Psychological thrillers – The Amazon Shaman, – In Search of Happiness.

Jung sobre a psique

A psique humana, de acordo com a psicologia junguiana, é composta de três partes: o consciente – o ego – e o inconsciente, que é dividido em inconsciente pessoal e inconsciente coletivo, este último também conhecido como psique objetiva.

A parte consciente, o ego, é o que muitas pessoas consideram ser a totalidade da psique, ou, se você preferir, a personalidade total. Isso não é verdade.

A psique tem uma camada inconsciente, que não está sob o controle do ego. No inconsciente pessoal estão armazenadas todas as informações que o indivíduo recebeu, mas que não manteve na sua consciência. Alguns dizem que ele guarda também as informações recebidas desde a concepção no ventre. Em resumo, as informações que recebemos, mas não registramos na mente consciente, não estão perdidas. Estão armazenadas em nosso inconsciente pessoal.

Jung também chama a atenção para a existência de uma parte da psique humana que chamou de inconsciente coletivo, também conhecida como psique objetiva. No inconsciente coletivo estão armazenadas as informações herdadas de todos os seres humanos desde os primeiros tempos na Terra. Os instintos e os arquétipos são partes do inconsciente coletivo. O inconsciente coletivo foi o principal motivo da briga com Freud, que nunca aceitou a sua existência.

No início de sua vida profissional, Jung trabalhava com psicóticos no Hospital Burghölzli. Um de seus pacientes chamou a atenção de Jung para um tubo que via saindo do sol, e que ele chamou de pênis do sol. Muitos anos mais tarde, Jung descobriu que este motivo aparecia na antiga religião mitraica. Porém, o paciente, um homem sem instrução, não poderia saber disso. Jung também percebeu que muitos mitos e contos populares em todo o mundo têm motivos semelhantes. Estes motivos aparecem com freqüência nos nossos sonhos. A partir dessas evidências, ele concluiu a existência do inconsciente coletivo. Da mesma forma que o nosso corpo guarda vestígios do passado – o cóccix, no lugar de uma cauda, por exemplo – a mente também carrega o passado da humanidade no inconsciente coletivo.

Jung enfatizou que os seres humanos devem tentar atingir níveis cada vez mais elevados de consciência. Em outras palavras, tentar absorver, trazer para o Ego, partes de si que estão escondidas no inconsciente pessoal. Ele também afirma que cada aumento no nível de consciência de um ser humano contribui para aumentar a consciência da humanidade.

Porque a consciência é tão importante? Pense sobre essa questão. Um pobre pescador tinha uma esposa e cinco filhos. A pesca da semana fora escassa, e eles estavam com fome. Enterrado sob seu barraco, havia um tesouro, colocados ali por seu bisavô, mas o pescador não estava consciente dele. Ele era rico ou pobre?

Sem estar consciente do tesouro, ele era pobre. Sendo inconsciente do que você tem dentro de sua psique, você também é pobre.

Mais sobre conceitos junguianos:: Jung sobre ArquétiposIndividuação,SonhosImaginação AtivaNeurosesInflação psicologicaProjeção, Tipos psicológicos


I was involved in the business world, as an executive of large companies and university professor since recently. I was the president CSN, the largest steel-mill of Latin America and was responsible for its turn-around. My first encounter with the teachings of the Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, one of the greatest geniuses of the 20th Century, was during my midlife crisis. Reading "Man and his Symbols" at that time, inspired me to go into Jungian analysis and to begin devouring the writings of Jung and his disciples. Since then, I've been studying psychology, especially Jungian psychology and, after reaching my seventies, I decided to become a full time writer, specializing on books on Jungian psychology and psychological thrillers. Every masterpiece of literature can be absorbed through multiple interpretations, and yield powerful insights for our daily lives. My first Jungian book, “The Little Prince for Grown-ups“, in its fourth edition in Brazil, was based on the famous book of Saint-Exupéry. The second, - “The Jungian Bible” - interprets some stories of the Old Testament and world myths. As I get older and, with a bit of luck, wiser, I want to pass on to the younger generations the lessons life has taught me. Jesus Christ taught that it was easier to sell ideas with stories. Following the Master, I published in English "The Amazon Shaman" and "In Search of Happiness", two psychological thrillers around the theme of happiness.

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