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A Blog about Psychology (Jungian), Spirituality and Happiness, By Roberto Lima Netto.

Jung on Psychological Types -Basic Concepts of Jungian Psychology

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Jung on Psychological Types

Do you know your psychological type?

Do you know your psychological type?

Jung said that human beings act and react differently from one another. He classified them into two attitude types: the Extraverts and the Introverts.

Extraversion

The attitude that characterizes certain persons that have more facility to deal with persons and objects external to the psyche.

Introversion

The attitude that characterizes certain persons that have more facility to deal with the interior personalities of their psyche.

The Function Types

Jung, in addition to these two attitude types, also classified the persons into four function , according to their preference to gather information (Sensation or Intuition) or how they make decisions (Thinking or Feeling)

The way we perceive information will determine our preference. A sensation (S) type will prefer a specific answer. If he asks what time is it, the sensor would prefer to hear 9:58 rather than almost ten. He would prefer to work with facts and figures than ideas and theories. The intuition (I) type is his exact opposite.

The way we decide determines if we are a thinking (T) type or a feeling (F) one. If we are called to settle a dispute, a thinker would rather settle it based on what is fair and truthful, without taking into consideration the possibility that they may hurt sensibilities. The feeling type considers a good decision one that takes into consideration the feeling of the people involved.

These four types were the original ones proposed by Jung. A last set of functions was introduced later, based on the way we prefer to lead our lives. Judgers (J) prefer structured and organized lives while Perceivers (P) are spontaneous and adaptive.

These two attitude types plus the six function types make up for sixteen combinations. There are tests to determine what type we belong to, the best known being the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. The book “Type Talk”, by Otto Krueger and Janet M. Thuesen provides detailed characteristics to help us determine ours and our friend’s types. A very sketchy description of each type follows:

ISTJ: doing what should be done

ISFJ: a high sense of duty

INFJ: an inspiration to others

INTJ: everything has room for improvement

ISTP: ready to try anything once

ISFP: sees much but shares little

INFP: performing noble service to aid society.

INTP: a love of problem solving

ESTP: the ultimate realist

ESFP: you only go around once in life

ENFP: giving life an extra squeeze

ENTP: one exciting challenge after another

ESTJ: life’s administrators

ESFJ: host and hostesses of the world

ENFJ: smooth-talking persuader

ENTJ: life’s natural leaders

Jung taught that each person has one of the four functions (thinking, feeling, sensing and intuition) as the dominant one. This function is conscious, under the control of the Ego. Its opposite is the inferior function, not controlled by the Ego. The process of individuation (to be explained in another article) can be seen as the development of the inferior function.

More on Jung concepts: Jung on Psyche, Jung on Archetypes, Jung on Individuation, Jung on Dreams, Jung on Active Imagination, Jung on Neurosis, Jung on Psychological Inflation, Jung on Projection.

I am Roberto Lima Netto, a Jungian. I write Jungian books – The Jungian BibleThe Little Prince for Grownups– and Psychological thrillers – The Amazon Shaman, – In Search of Happiness.

 

Jung sobre Tipos psicológicos

Os seres humanos agem e reagem de forma diferente. Jung classificou-os em dois tipos de atitudes: os extrovertidos e os introvertidos.

 Extroversão:

A atitude que caracteriza certas pessoas que têm mais facilidade para lidar com pessoas e objetos externos a sua psique.

 Introversão:

A atitude que caracteriza certas pessoas que têm mais facilidade para lidar com as personalidades interiores de sua psique.

 Os tipos funcionais

Além desses dois tipos de atitudes, Jung também classificou as pessoas em quatro tipos de função, de acordo com a sua preferência para obter informações (Sensação ou Intuição) ou como tomam decisões (Pensamento ou Sentimento).

A maneira como percebemos a informação vai determinar a nossa preferência. Pessoas tipo Sensação (S) vai preferir uma resposta específica. Se ele perguntar que horas são, o tipo sensação prefere ouvir 9:58 em vez de quase 10. Ele prefere trabalhar com fatos e números do que idéias e teorias. A intuição (I) é o seu tipo oposto.

A forma como decidimos determina se somos um tipo Pensamento (T) tipo ou Sentimento (F) . Se somos chamados para resolver uma disputa, um pensador prefere resolver isso com base no que é justo e verdadeiro, sem levar em consideração a possibilidade de que possam ferir sensibilidades. O tipo sentimento considera boa uma decisão que leve em consideração o sentimento das pessoas envolvidas.

Estes quatro tipos eram os originais propostos por Jung. Um último conjunto de funções foi introduzido mais tarde, com base na maneira que preferimos levar nossas vidas. Os tipo  Julgamento (J) preferem vidas estruturadas e organizadas, enquanto Percebedores (P) são espontâneos e adaptáveis.

Os dois tipos de atitude, mais os seis tipos de função perfazem 16 combinações. Há testes para determinar qual o tipo a que pertencemos. O. mais conhecido é o Indicador de Tipos de Myers-Briggs O livro “Talk Tipe”, de Otto M. Krueger e Janet Thuesen fornece características detalhadas para nos ajudar a determinar nosso tipo d o dos amigos. Segue uma descrição muito superficial de cada tipo:

ISTJ: fazer o que deve ser feito

ISFJ: um elevado sentido de dever

INFJ: uma inspiração para os outros

INTJ: tudo tem espaço para melhorias

ISTP: pronto para tentar qualquer coisa uma vez

ISFP: vê muito, mas compartilha pouco

INFP: realizar um serviço nobre para ajudar a sociedade.

INTP: adora resolver problemas

ESTP: o realista final

ESFP: só se vive uma vez na vida

ENFP: dar a vida um empurrãoadicional

ENTP: um emocionante desafio após o outro

ESTJ: Os administradores da vida

ESFJ: Host e recepcionistas do mundo:

ENFJ: de fala suave na persuasão

ENTJ: os líderes naturais da vida

Jung ensinou que cada pessoa tem uma das quatro funções (Pensamento, Sentimento, Sensação e Intuição) como o dominante. Esta função está consciente, sob o controle do ego. Seu oposto é a função inferior, não controladas pelo Ego. O processo de individualização (a ser explicado em outro artigo) pode ser visto como o desenvolvimento da função inferior.

Mais sobre conceitos junguianos:: Jung sobre PsiqueArquétiposIndividuação, SonhosImaginação AtivaNeuroses, Inflação psicologicaProjeção

I was involved in the business world, as an executive of large companies and university professor since recently. I was the president CSN, the largest steel-mill of Latin America and was responsible for its turn-around. My first encounter with the teachings of the Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, one of the greatest geniuses of the 20th Century, was during my midlife crisis. Reading "Man and his Symbols" at that time, inspired me to go into Jungian analysis and to begin devouring the writings of Jung and his disciples. Since then, I've been studying psychology, especially Jungian psychology and, after reaching my seventies, I decided to become a full time writer, specializing on books on Jungian psychology and psychological thrillers. Every masterpiece of literature can be absorbed through multiple interpretations, and yield powerful insights for our daily lives. My first Jungian book, “The Little Prince for Grown-ups“, in its fourth edition in Brazil, was based on the famous book of Saint-Exupéry. The second, - “The Jungian Bible” - interprets some stories of the Old Testament and world myths. As I get older and, with a bit of luck, wiser, I want to pass on to the younger generations the lessons life has taught me. Jesus Christ taught that it was easier to sell ideas with stories. Following the Master, I published in English "The Amazon Shaman" and "In Search of Happiness", two psychological thrillers around the theme of happiness.

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