Happiness Academy Online

A Blog about Psychology (Jungian), Spirituality and Happiness, By Roberto Lima Netto.

The Origin of Desire in Greek Mythology

(Clique para português)

Fotos IPhone 002The Origins of Desire and of the Furies

After Chaos overcome, Uranus and Gaia were the first kings of the world. At that time, human beings did not exist. They had two races of sons, the Titans and the Cyclopes. He imprisoned them, afraid of being ousted, but Kronos, a Titan, with the help of his mother Gaia, overcame and castrated him. From the blood spilled on land, came the Erinyes (the Furies). The genitals, thrown in the sea, gave birth to Aphrodite, what brought desire to earth.

Kronos also tried to perpetuate himself by eating all his children, but Zeus, of the race of gods, escaped and assumed the leadership.

The progress of humanity depends on the overcoming of the old. But this is not an easy process because the old does not give its power willingly. It takes a struggle for renewal. And this is the function of the hero.

Joseph Campbell in his masterly book – The Hero with a Thousand Faces – describes the hero journey and points to the many similarities of all the hero adventures. The hero is one that leaves his home (the status-quo), fights many wars and returns home with modern concepts.

The old – represented by the dragon that tries to stop the hero – does nor yields easily. It has to be fought and slain. Without the hero, there is no renewal, and society stalls, petrifies, and, without progress, is destroyed.

As for desire, Buddha preached that desire is the source of human beings unhappiness. The less we desire, the happier we are. But we have to add that, without desire, humanity would not improve.

I’m Roberto Lima Netto, a Jungian. I write Jungian books –  The Jungian BibleThe Little Prince for Grownups — and Psychological thrillers – The Amazon Shaman, – In Search of Happiness.

As origens do Desejo e as Fúrias 

Depois de superar o caos, Urano e Gaia foram os primeiros reis do mundo. Naquele tempo, os seres humanos não existiam. Eles tiveram filhos de duas raças – os Titãs e os Ciclopes. Urano tentou se perpetuar no comando e, com medo de ser suplantado por um dos seus filhos, os emprisionava. Mas Kronos, um Titan, com a ajuda de sua mãe Gaia, venceu e castrou Kronos. Do sangue derramado sobre a terra, vieram as Erínias (as Fúrias). O órgão genital jogado no mar deu origem a Afrodite, o que trouxe o desejo à terra.

Kronos também tentou se perpetuar comendo todos os seus filhos, mas Zeus, da raça dos deuses, escapou com a ajuda de sua mãe e assumiu a liderança.

O progresso da humanidade depende da superação do velho. Mas este não é um processo fácil, porque o velho não entrega seu poder voluntariamente. É preciso um esforço para a renovação, e esta é a função do herói.

Joseph Campbell, em seu livro magistral – O Herói de Mil Faces – descreve a jornada do herói e aponta as muitas semelhanças das suas aventuras. O herói é aquele que sai de sua casa (rejeita o status quo), luta muitas guerras e volta para casa com conceitos modernos.

O velho – representado pelo dragão que tenta parar o herói – não se rende facilmente. Tem que ser combatido e morto. Sem o herói, não há renovação, e sociedade se petrifica. Sem progresso, é destruída.

Afrodite nos trouxe o desejo. Buda pregou que o desejo é a fonte da infelicidade humana. Quanto menos que desejamos, mais felizes seremos. Porém, vale acrescentar que, sem desejo, a humanidade não poderia melhorar, pois o desejo é a fonte da infelicidade humana, mas é também a força que move a humanidade a se transformar, ainda que, em alguns casos, para pior.

I was involved in the business world, as an executive of large companies and university professor since recently. I was the president CSN, the largest steel-mill of Latin America and was responsible for its turn-around. My first encounter with the teachings of the Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, one of the greatest geniuses of the 20th Century, was during my midlife crisis. Reading "Man and his Symbols" at that time, inspired me to go into Jungian analysis and to begin devouring the writings of Jung and his disciples. Since then, I've been studying psychology, especially Jungian psychology and, after reaching my seventies, I decided to become a full time writer, specializing on books on Jungian psychology and psychological thrillers. Every masterpiece of literature can be absorbed through multiple interpretations, and yield powerful insights for our daily lives. My first Jungian book, “The Little Prince for Grown-ups“, in its fourth edition in Brazil, was based on the famous book of Saint-Exupéry. The second, - “The Jungian Bible” - interprets some stories of the Old Testament and world myths. As I get older and, with a bit of luck, wiser, I want to pass on to the younger generations the lessons life has taught me. Jesus Christ taught that it was easier to sell ideas with stories. Following the Master, I published in English "The Amazon Shaman" and "In Search of Happiness", two psychological thrillers around the theme of happiness.

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