Happiness Academy Online

A Blog about Psychology (Jungian), Spirituality and Happiness, By Roberto Lima Netto.

Theseus and Periphetes – World Myths

(Clique para português)

The myth of Theseus

The myth of Theseus

The Saga of Theseus (1)

The encounter with Periphetes

Theseus was one of the most notable Greek heroes. His life was full of adventures, the best known one being the killing of the Minotaur. As many other heroes, he had a double parentage: a human father, King Aegeus from Athens, and a divine one, Poseidon, God of the seas.

The hero myth is generally performed by a man. But it does not refer only to males. Jung stressed that males carry feminine characteristics and women masculine ones. As such, the hero myths deal with the process of developing consciousness, a process symbolically masculine, but that pertains to men and women.

When Theseus completed sixteen years, his mother, following the father’s instructions, told him about the sword and sandals that his father had hidden under a heavy stone. If Theseus could lift the stone, he should fetch the objects and go to Athens, to be recognized by Aegeus.

It is a recurrent theme that the son, when coming to age, must undergo an ordeal to receive his heritage from the father, to prove that he is not a child anymore. The North American Indians, for instance, submit their boys to a painful ritual to prove their manhood.

The safer way to get to Athens was through the sea, but Theseus was eager for adventures and chose the road full of thieves and criminals. Facing these ruffians, Theseus was facing his negative, unconscious masculinity.

His first adventure was the meeting with Periphetes, a ruffian that used to assault travelers and kill then with a heavy bronze club. Theseus fought him, took his club and killed him using his very weapon.

He took possession of the club and fought many of his future enemies using it. He preferred the club to his own sword. If we consider that the sword discriminates, is a weapon that points to a target, while the club does not, this tendency to use the club bears ill omen for Theseus’ future. Put him closer to a mass killer than to a king, a keeper of the order.

In his several encounters with criminals before arriving to Athens, Theseus kills his opponents using the same method they used to kill their victims. The myth calls our attention to a very basic psychological law: the way one behaves, so one is treated.

I’m Roberto Lima Netto, a Jungian. I write Jungian books –  The Jungian BibleThe Little Prince for Grownups — and Psychological thrillers – The Amazon Shaman, – In Search of Happiness.

 

 

 

A Saga de Teseu

O encontro com Perifetes

Teseu foi um dos mais notáveis heróis gregos. Sua vida foi cheia de aventuras, a mais conhecida sendo a luta contra o Minotauro. Como muitos outros heróis, ele tinha uma dupla filiação: um pai humano, o rei Egeu de Atenas, e um divino, Poseidon, deus dos mares.

O mito do herói é geralmente protagonizado por um homem. Mas ele não se refere apenas aos homens. Jung ressaltou que os homens carregam características femininas e as mulheres, masculinas. Como tal, os mitos heroicos lidam com o processo do desenvolvimento da consciência, um processo simbolicamente masculino, mas que pertence a homens e mulheres.

Quando Teseu completou 16 anos, sua mãe, seguindo as instruções do pai, contou-lhe sobre a espada e as sandálias que seu pai havia escondido debaixo de uma pesada pedra. Se Teseu conseguisse levantar a pedra, ele deveria pegar os objetos e ir para Atenas, para ser reconhecido pelo pai. Este tema de retirar uma espada da pedra aparece em outros mitos como o do Rei Artur com a Excalibus.

É um tema recorrente que o filho, quando chega à idade adulta, deve passar por uma provação para receber sua herança paterna, para provar que não é mais uma criança. Os índios da América do Norte, por exemplo, submetem os meninos a um ritual doloroso para provar sua masculinidade.

O caminho mais seguro para chegar a Atenas era através do mar, mas Teseu, ansioso por aventuras, escolheu uma estrada cheia de ladrões e criminosos. Diante desses bandidos, Teseu lutava contra a masculinidade inconsciente negativa.

Sua primeira aventura foi o encontro com Perifetes, um rufião que assaltava os viajantes  e os matava com uma pesada clava de bronze. Teseu lutou com ele, tomou sua arma e o matou com ela.

Ele tomou posse da arma e usou-a contra muitos dos seus futuros inimigos. Preferia a clava a sua espada. Se considerarmos que a espada discrimina, é uma arma que aponta para um alvo, enquanto a clava não, essa tendência de usar a clava é um mau agouro para o futuro de Teseu. Coloca-o mais perto de um assassino em massa do que de um rei, um guardião da ordem.

Em seus vários encontros com os criminosos antes de chegar a Atenas, Teseu matava seus oponentes usando o mesmo método que eles usavam para matar suas vítimas. O mito chama a nossa atenção para uma lei psicológica muito básica: a maneira como se comporta um indivíduo é como ele é tratado.

Eu sou Roberto Lima Netto, e acredito que nosso objetivo na vida é ser feliz e que a espiritualidade e a psicologia junguiana, minhas principais áreas de interesse, podem nos ajudar nesta busca pela felicidade. Sou um escritor. Alguns dos meus livros são: “O Pequeno Príncipe para Gente Grande”, “A Bíblia junguiana”, “Xamã”.

I was involved in the business world, as an executive of large companies and university professor since recently. I was the president CSN, the largest steel-mill of Latin America and was responsible for its turn-around. My first encounter with the teachings of the Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, one of the greatest geniuses of the 20th Century, was during my midlife crisis. Reading "Man and his Symbols" at that time, inspired me to go into Jungian analysis and to begin devouring the writings of Jung and his disciples. Since then, I've been studying psychology, especially Jungian psychology and, after reaching my seventies, I decided to become a full time writer, specializing on books on Jungian psychology and psychological thrillers. Every masterpiece of literature can be absorbed through multiple interpretations, and yield powerful insights for our daily lives. My first Jungian book, “The Little Prince for Grown-ups“, in its fourth edition in Brazil, was based on the famous book of Saint-Exupéry. The second, - “The Jungian Bible” - interprets some stories of the Old Testament and world myths. As I get older and, with a bit of luck, wiser, I want to pass on to the younger generations the lessons life has taught me. Jesus Christ taught that it was easier to sell ideas with stories. Following the Master, I published in English "The Amazon Shaman" and "In Search of Happiness", two psychological thrillers around the theme of happiness.

1 Comment

Add a Comment
  1. This is very interesting, You are an excessively professional blogger. I have joined your feed and look ahead to in search of extra of your excellent post. Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks|

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Happiness Academy Online © 2013 Frontier Theme