Happiness Academy Online

A Blog about Psychology (Jungian), Spirituality and Happiness, By Roberto Lima Netto.

Theseus and the Minotaur – World Myths

(Clique para português)

World Myths

The myth of Theseus

Theseus, Minotaur, Labyrinth

Theseus and the Minotaur

The Athenians, having lost a war against Crete, had to pay a ransom. Seven boys and seven girls were sent yearly to Crete and fed to the Minotaur. The Minotaur was a monster with a bull head and human body that lived in the labyrinth constructed by Daedalus for Minos, king of Crete. Whoever entered the labyrinth was lost in its maze and could not find his way out. The unhappy person was found and eaten by the Minotaur.

Theseus decided to face the monster and volunteered to go to Crete. Arriving there, Ariadne, daughter of King Minos, enamored of him and gave him the clue to escape from the labyrinth. She provided him with a ball of thread and instructed Theseus to tie it to the entrance of the labyrinth.

Having killed the Minotaur, Theseus followed the thread to get out of the labyrinth and escaped from Crete taking Ariadne with him. But he abandoned her in an island in his way home, before arriving in Athens.

A myth may have different versions. One version tries to give Theseus an excuse. It claims that he was commanded by the gods to leave Ariadne behind, because the god Dionysius was interested in her. This was an enormous mistake. Ariadne symbolizes Theseus´ anima, and he hurt his Anima.

Jung teaches us that every man has an Anima in his unconscious, that carries the feminine characteristics. The woman, as well, has another archetype, the Animus, that caries her masculine traits. The Anima is an important archetype, because she is the guide to the unconscious. She is the guide that leads us through the labyrinth of the unconscious. The anima can be a precious ally or an enemy. As every archetype, it has a bright and a dark side. A despised Anima can be a formidable enemy. For this mistake, Theseus would pay a high price.

After returning to Athens, he was made king and performed very well, being considered the father of Athens democracy.

Although his thinking capabilities aided him in his king´s functions, the lack of support from his anima caused him many wrong turns in life. We will discuss other episodes of his life in other posts.

For more explanations about the Anima in a simple language that do not require any knowledge of psychology I invite you to download my free ebook in the site – www.HappinessAcademyOnline.org.

I’m Roberto Lima Netto, a Jungian. I write Jungian books –  The Jungian BibleThe Little Prince for Grownups — and Psychological thrillers – The Amazon Shaman, – In Search of Happiness.

 

 Teseu e o Minotauro

Os atenienses, tendo perdido uma guerra contra Creta, deviam pagar um regate. Sete jovens de cada sexo eram enviados anualmente para Creta, e servidos como alimento para o Minotauro, um monstro com cabeça de touro e corpo humano. Ele vivia no labirinto construído por Dédalo para Minos, rei de Creta. Quem entrava no labirinto não conseguia encontrar o caminho de saida. O infeliz era encontrado e devorado pelo Minotauro.

Teseu resolveu enfrentar o monstro e se ofereceu para ir à Creta. Chegando lá, Ariadne, filha do rei Minos, apaixonou-se por ele e salvou sua vida. Ela lhe deu um novelo de barbante e o instruiu a amarrá-lo na entrada do labirinto.

Depois de matar o Minotauro, Teseu seguiu o fio para sair do labirinto e fugiu de Creta levando Ariadne com ele. Mas ele a abandonou em uma ilha antes de chegar a Atenas.

Um mito pode ter versões diferentes. Uma versão alternativa tenta dar a Teseu uma desculpa, alegando que ele recebeu ordem dos deuses para deixar Ariadne para trás, porque o deus Dionísio estava interessado nela. Este foi um grande erro. Ariadne simboliza anima de Teseu e ele traiu sua Anima.

Jung nos ensina que todo homem tem uma Anima em seu inconsciente, que carrega as características femininas, assim como o Animus carrega as características masculinas de cada mulher. A Anima é um arquétipo importante, porque ela é o guia para o inconsciente. Ela é o guia que nos conduz através do labirinto do inconsciente. Pode ser uma preciosa aliada ou uma forte inimiga. Como todo arquétipo, ela tem um lado brilhante e outro escuro. A Anima desprezada pode ser um inimigo formidável. Por este erro, Teseu iria pagar um preço elevado pelo resto da vida.

Depois de regressar a Atenas, ele foi sagrado rei e teve um desempenho muito bom, sendo considerado o pai da democracia de Atenas. Sua inteligência foi aliada fundamental nesta tarefa. Ele era provavelmente um tipo pensamento forte, e, consequentemente, seu sentimento era sua função inferior. Exatamente por essa razão, um bom relacionamento com sua Anima seria fundamental.

A falta de apoio de sua anima causou-lhe muitas voltas erradas na vida. Vamos discutir outros episódios de sua vida em próximos posts.

I was involved in the business world, as an executive of large companies and university professor since recently. I was the president CSN, the largest steel-mill of Latin America and was responsible for its turn-around. My first encounter with the teachings of the Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, one of the greatest geniuses of the 20th Century, was during my midlife crisis. Reading "Man and his Symbols" at that time, inspired me to go into Jungian analysis and to begin devouring the writings of Jung and his disciples. Since then, I've been studying psychology, especially Jungian psychology and, after reaching my seventies, I decided to become a full time writer, specializing on books on Jungian psychology and psychological thrillers. Every masterpiece of literature can be absorbed through multiple interpretations, and yield powerful insights for our daily lives. My first Jungian book, “The Little Prince for Grown-ups“, in its fourth edition in Brazil, was based on the famous book of Saint-Exupéry. The second, - “The Jungian Bible” - interprets some stories of the Old Testament and world myths. As I get older and, with a bit of luck, wiser, I want to pass on to the younger generations the lessons life has taught me. Jesus Christ taught that it was easier to sell ideas with stories. Following the Master, I published in English "The Amazon Shaman" and "In Search of Happiness", two psychological thrillers around the theme of happiness.

1 Comment

Add a Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Happiness Academy Online © 2013 Frontier Theme